It is easy to see buying a new rug as a decision where you love the appearance and feel of it, so you make your purchase. It’s done. Carpet is a complex material. Factors like climate, stain resistance and ease of cleaning are all important factors in choosing a carpet that lasts for many years. These factors, along with your budget, will influence the choice of synthetic or natural fiber and the type of pile you choose.
This guide will give you an easy overview of the major types of carpets so that you can make an informed purchase.
Guide to the different types of carpets
Carpet types refer to how the synthetic or wool carpet pile is made. The most common format for carpet pile manufacturing is a loop, plush, or twist. You can have plain or textured carpet. There are also a variety of cut and looped options. Each type of carpet has a unique look. You can also choose the type of carpet that you want to use. This will affect how it handles traffic, wear, tear, and which areas are best suited for it.
There are many types of carpets to choose from
Carpet fibres are made from wool or synthetic yarns. They have different properties and can create different visual impressions depending upon their construction. A carpet construction can refer to the type of pile, which can either be a loop pile (or a cut pile).
- A cut pile carpet can be tightly woven with a high density to create a “plush” carpet. You can also twist the cut pile, which is why it’s called a ‘twist pile’ carpet.
- Twist pile carpet is well-known for its durability, while dense plush pile carpet gives it a luxurious, smooth finish. The pile can be part of the carpet design. In this case, different pile heights are used in order to create a pattern.
- The appearance of level loop pile carpets is uniform, but the loops can also be made at different heights to make multi-level loop patterns and textures that look like shag carpets.
Carpet with a loop pile
Loop pile carpets can have a textured or patterned finish. They are known for their durability and resilience in family homes.
When the threaded loops of the yarn are cut, cut pile carpets can be made. These carpets come in twisted or plush styles. Luxurious plush carpets are dense and smooth because they have been cut to an even height from wool or synthetic fibers. Because of their dense density, plush carpets can provide excellent cushioning underfoot and are very soft.
The plush carpet fibres are characterized by a high-density cut pile and a velvety appearance.
Twist pile carpet fibres are made from a cut pile that has been twisted to increase strength. The yarn can be twisted to create different shades or friezes, as well as a unique finish such as Saxony or Frieze carpet.
Twist piles have a more tactile texture than plush piles and are a popular choice in family homes. The twisted fibres make it less obvious what footprints or vacuum cleaners leave behind.
Different types of carpet fibres
Apart from the pile selection, you should also consider the types of carpet fibers when making your carpet choice. Synthetic fibres are nylon, polypropylene and acrylic. These fibres are explained in the following topics.
Nylon carpet has many outstanding features, but the most important is its durability. Nylon carpet is resilient and elastic, which means it can withstand heavy traffic and maintain its shape even under the weight of the furniture. It is often made using solution-dyed nylon (SDN) dye process. This carpet is extremely durable, stain-resistant, and easy to clean, making it a favorite choice for family rooms.
Carpet made from polypropylene (Olefin).
Because it is durable, stain-resistant and moisture resistant, polypropylene carpet is a popular choice for commercial and investment properties. It is also very easy to clean. It is not as soft and flexible as wool, acrylic, or polyester carpet.
Polyester carpet is extremely soft and provides excellent comfort underfoot. It is less expensive than pure wool carpet but still looks great. Polyester carpet is best for bedrooms and other areas with low foot traffic.
Acrylic is a synthetic material with a similar appearance to wool. Acrylic carpet is made of acrylic fibres. It is less expensive than wool, softer than polyester and polypropylene and lasts longer than nylon and polyester. Acrylic carpet is popular for playrooms due to its fast-drying and resistance to mould, stains and mildew.
100% wool fibre carpets offer natural warmth, softness and durability. It is resistant to moisture thanks to the natural waxy layer of sheep’s wool. To make a versatile carpet, wool blend carpets can be made from a mix of 80% wool and 20% synthetic (usually polyester).
Understanding the differences between pile and carpet fibre
Your carpet choice will be made up of two main components: carpet fibre and carpet pile. You can choose from natural fibres like wool, sisal, jute, or sisal or synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester. The carpet pile is the way the fiber loops are connected to the backing material. These two key characteristics will determine the performance of your carpet over time as well as how it feels and looks underfoot.
Carpet styles available
It is important to select a carpet that complements the decor and style of your home. Modern loop piles with a textured finish are very popular in modern homes, while wool piles may be more appropriate for older homes or homes that have more traditional decor.
Carpet styles come in a variety of colors and designs, so they can complement any interior theme.
When choosing the right carpet for your room, you have many options. The floor covering should be functional and beautiful so that it lasts for many years. This means that the carpet fiber and pile must be matched to the space. These are our top tips.
- Open plan living spaces such as family rooms and dining rooms that are open to the outside world require a carpet with high stain resistance and low piles for easy cleaning. Vinyl or hardwood flooring could be an option, as well as rugs from our vast selection.
- Living rooms – These areas are high traffic and require carpet that is durable and resilient. These areas are best served by synthetic or wool loop pile carpets. They’re durable, stain-resistant, crush-resistant, and leave minimal foot traffic and vacuum marks. Also, a patterned carpet is a great choice.
- Bedrooms – Select carpets with luxurious softness and comfort underfoot. Low loop pile synthetic carpet is best for asthma and allergies.
- Basement and rumpus room – Basements, as well as many rumpus rooms, are naturally damp due to their lower ground or underground levels. These synthetic fibres are better because they are breathable and can withstand higher moisture levels. They also release moisture to prevent mould growth under or in the carpet.
Best quality Carpet
Different qualities of carpets can be used to suit different needs. Woollen cut and looped wool carpets are generally considered higher-end than synthetic fiber carpets. However, modern manufacturing technology has enabled synthetic carpets to be tough rivals to wool in terms of durability, soil and stain resistance properties, as well as softness.
The Berber carpet range in cut and looped yarns has been a respected wool carpet and is still considered the best quality carpet.